After a 65-day sea voyage, pilgrims saw Cape Cod on November 19, 1620. As they were unable to reach the originally agreed country, they bittered on November 21 at Provincetown (Collins) Square. Many boasted that „no one had the power to command them“ and openly proclaimed that „if they came ashore, they would use their own freedom, because no one had the power to command them, the patent they had for Virginia, not for New England, which belonged to another government with which the Virginia Company had nothing to do“ (Cline 2003). Differences of opinion on governance issues led to the development of the pact. There is no record of the term Pilgrims used to describe the founder of Plymouth for 150 years after Bradford wrote this passage, except when he is quoted. The story of the Mayflower was told by historians Nathaniel Morton (1669) and Cotton Mather (1702). At Plymouth`s Forefathers`s Day in 1793, Father Chandler Robbins recited this passage.  The Pilgrim Hall Museum is a gallery museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The museum is accredited by the American Museums Association and is managed by the Pilgrim Society, a non-profit organization dedicated to „the pursuit of excellence in its professionally managed museum and library.“ The museum`s mission is „to inform the public about the importance of the pilgrimage experience by interpreting and maintaining a developing collection“ (www.pilgrimhall.org The Mayflower Compact as a written agreement of the signatories „in the presence of God and the other covenant and we unite to form a civil political body“ (Pilgrim Hall Museum 2001). By signing on the Mayflower Pact, the pilgrims made an alliance with God and together in the colony. John Winthrop (1630), the first governor of Massachusetts, reflected this concept in his homily before the Puritan Puritans: the first use of the word pilgrim for Mayflower passengers appeared in William Bradfords Of Plymouth Plantation.
When he recounted the departure of his group of sufferings in July 1620, he used the images of the Hebrews 11:13-16 on the „foreigners and pilgrims“ of the Old Testament, who had the opportunity to return to their ancient land, but who instead desired a better and heavenly land. Pilgrim Hall Museum. „The Mayflower Compact.“ Peg Baker. www.pilgrimhall.org/compact.htm. Mourt`s relationship is also known because it is the first preserved source of the text of the Mayflower Compact, the agreement that the settlers entered into New Plymouth to form a new civil political authority as they set out to build a community in America. The Mayflower Compact celebrates its 400th anniversary in 2020. Look for more news and blog posts on the American self-management tradition here on In Custodia Legis in the coming months. These early settlers, first called elders and later ancestors, did not become known as pilgrim fathers until two centuries after their arrival. A reactive agreement was reached with the discovery of a manuscript by Governor William Bradford referring to the „saints“ who had left Holland as „pilgrims“. At a celebration of the 200th anniversary in 1820, the speaker Daniel Webster used the Pilgrim, and the term then became a general use.
A pilgrim is a person who often goes on a long journey for religious or moral purposes, and especially in a foreign country. After the arrival of the Mayflower, the first baby born was a boy. His parents (William and Susannah White) called him Peregrine – a word that means to travel from afar and also means pilgrim. The writer of Mourt`s relationship of 1622 calls the Plymouth Colonists pilgrims. Governor William Bradford called the settlers of Plymouth on pilgrimage when he wrote about their departure from Leiden, Holland, to come to America: „They knew they were pilgrims, and they did not look at these things much, but raised their eyes to heaven, their favorite country; and calmed his mind. Governor Bradford also wrote a poem in which he describes himself as a pilgrim.